Archive for November, 2008
Solomon Leach was my husband’s great-great-grandfather. Studying his life prior to 1835 is challenging to say the least. For example, census records in 1870 state he was born in New York, while in 1860 his birthplace is listed as Ohio and in 1850 the census taker lists the place of birth as “unknown.” Adding to the confusion is his gravestone which shows a death date of January 19, 1892 at the age of 76 years, 11 months and 2 days making his birthdate February 17, 1815. However, Martha Shafer, a granddaughter states in her autobiography that Solomon Leach was born March 17, 1814. But even though there are challenges, there is much we can gather about the life of Solomon Leach from the data that is available.
His three marriages produced 13 children plus there were two step-sons brought to the family with Susan (Higley) Hoard, Solomon’s third wife. From at least 1835 to 1850 he lived in Ohio, but by 1856 he had moved to Michigan where he married Susan. During the years in Michigan Solomon Leach was a farmer but also had a sawmill and was a carpenter. According to family history the sawmill was located on his son-in-law John “Jack” Nelson’s land. Solomon built a log cabin on arriving in Michigan, and many years later his son Alison told his Uncle Al Carr he’d been told “he was born next to a log at the center of the township.” In 1865 Solomon moved a mile south and built a plank house and may also have built the original township hall and framed many of the early barns in the area. It’s been said he had the ability to play the violin and often performed for his family and at local gatherings.
Exactly when Solomon died is unclear, but the following article appeared in “The Tuscola County Advertiser” July 25, 1891: “Mr. Solomon Leach fell and severely injured his limb last week and is now in a serious condition.” Whether or not he recovered from this injury is not known. Solomon Leach died at home on January 19, 1892.
Today I’m starting to post records on The Higley Family, one of my husband’s lines. Susan Higley, his great-great-grandmother has quite a story to tell, but first here’s some general information about this family who came to America so long ago.
At least two histories have been published about the Higley family, that of Mary Coffin Johnson “THE HIGLEYS AND THEIR ANCESTRY” published in 1892, and the more recent work of Leroy E. Higley , “THE FIRST SEVEN GENERATIONS OF HIGLEY DESCENDANTS” published in 2003. I recommend that interested researchers study these two sources for in-depth information.
Most of the information on this site is related to research on the ancestors and descendants of Susan Higley, a direct descendant of Captain John Higley who arrived on the shores of what would become America, more than 100 years before the Revolutionary War.
In the years just prior John Higley’s departure from England the country had suffered the terrible plague of 1665, as well as severe repression of religious groups such as the Quakers and Puritans. No doubt both of these events influenced his departure from England. But he and his descendants became prominent in the communities of Granby and Simsbury, Connecticut where they settled, and much has been written about them as noted above.
Some of the family names associated with the Higleys through marriage were: Drake, Holcombe, Hoard, Godderd/Gozzard/Goderd, Trumbull, and Leach to name just a few.
Researchers will find a significant amount of information in the publications mentioned above. In addition, Leroy E. Higley can be contacted via Email at: firstname.lastname@example.org.
This photograph comes from a picture of Susan and Solomon Leach,
identified by their daughter, Susan Leach Sherman.
Photograph: Privately held by Susan Edminster, Granite Falls, Washington
Susan Higley was my husband’s Great-Great-Grandmother. I would like to have known her. Her life was one of adventure and excitement, although sadly there was also tragedy. The family moved west when there were few roads and even fewer comforts, seeing new country as they traveled from Massachusetts to Ohio. Did they travel part of the way by Packet Boat on the Erie Canal or follow one of the Ohio migration trails riding in a wagon pulled by horses or oxen? Maybe they walked part of the way. We can only guess at that part of her story. Susan married and had children when Ohio was just a wild frontier and she experienced the shock of the sudden death of her first husband. Yes, she would have had much to tell us.
Susan was born in Tolland, Hampden County Massachusetts on or about January 3, 1825 to Seth Higley and Lura Goderd, both natives of Simsbury, Connecticut. Seth’s parents were Seth Filer Higley and Naomi Holcombe, Lura’s parents were Abel Goderd and Lydia (unknown). Much has written about these families who were early residents of Simsbury. Susan was one of at least seven children born to Lura and Seth. Alvin and Julia, both born in 1822, Nelson, born in 1824, Susan, born in 1825, Nancy, born in 1829, Milton, born in 1834, and Henry born in 1835.
Adventure was part of Susan’s life from childhood on. When she was about nine years old the family began the migration from Massachusetts to the Northeastern part of Ohio which was once a part of Connecticut and known as the Connecticut Western Reserve or simply the Western Reserve. The Higley’s like many other families from New England, traveled west in the early 1800′s to occupy these lands and start a new life They settled in Auburn Township in Geauga County. Susan’s younger sister Nancy, who was born in 1829, said that she was “brought to Ohio on the day she was four years old.” Since Susan’s brother, Henry was born in Ohio in 1835, we assume the family moved in the 1834-1835 time frame.
On June 2, 1844 in Geauga County Ohio, Susan married Amos Hoard. They became the parents of two sons, and Harvey (or Hervey) E. Hoard born in 1850 and Seth Emry Hoard born in 1854. Family history says Amos was killed by a lightening strike while sitting at the table eating dinner. In that fateful moment Susan became a young widow with two small boys.
At some point between 1854 and 1856, Susan moved to Michigan. The move may have taken place before Amos’ death, as it’s unlikely she would have traveled there without the protection and assistance a husband would provide. Of course if Amos died in Ohio Susan have traveled with her brother Milton.
Susan Hoard married Solomon Leach on December 21, 1856 in Tuscola County, Michigan. She was 32 and a widow; Solomon 42 and a widower when they married. The couple soon began having a family and their first born was Alison Leach, born September 12, 1857. Then came Susan Viola, born December 12, 1859, Mary A., born September 1, 1862, Veiva (Vera), born January 24, 1865, and Ulyses S. (Grant) Leach, born October 18, 1867. In addition to the Leach children, Susan’s sons Harvey and Seth Hoard were part of the family as was young Charles Leach, Solomon’s son.
Solomon had several children from his earlier marriage(s) to Hattie Fowler and Mary Maynard and one of his sons, Enard Leach, lived in Arbela, near Susan and Solomon. The 1870 U.S. Census shows that Harvey Hoard (aka Hervy Hord) lived with Enard and his family at that time working as a farm laborer. Seth remained at home with his Mother Susan and Step-father Solomon.
February of 1875 brought sadness to the Leach household when 24 year old Charles died of Tuberculosis. Charles is buried in Pine Grove Cemetery in Arbela.
There were happy times as well; Harvey married Eliza Richards in 1871 and Seth married Sarah Mead in 1874. Both went on to have families of their own. Several of Solomon’s children also married, and their stories are covered in the Leach section of this website.
Susan again faced sadness when Solomon died in 1892. She went on to live until November 6, 1901 when at the age of 76 she died of stomach cancer. Both Solomon and Susan are buried in Pine Grove Cemetery in Arbela.
During Susan’s lifetime 21 different presidents served their country, from John Quincy Adams to Theodore Roosevelt. Abraham Lincoln became President when Susan was 37 years old and she saw both the start of the Civil War and its end in 1865. She was 41 years old when President Lincoln was assassinated. Other wars during her lifetime included the Texas War for Independence from Mexico, the U.S.-Mexican War, the Crimean War, and The Spanish American War to name a few. The Battle of the Alamo took place when Susan was just 12 years old and the California gold rush took place when she was 24.
Yes, Susan would have had a lot to tell…..
A footnote: Martha Shafer, a granddaughter of Susan Higley remembers her as a small sweet woman who was reserved, even tempered, neat, and who always saw the pleasant side of life.
SOURCE: Johnson, Mary Coffin, The Higley’s and Their Ancestry, an old colonial family, New York, D. Appleton & Co. 1896, 796 pages.
SOURCE: Higley, Leroy E. The First Seven Generations of Higley Descendants, Printed for the Author, 2003
SOURCE: Obituary of Nancy Higley Scudder, sister of Susan Higley. Entered in scrapbook of Susan Leach Sherman, private collection, Susan Edminster.
SOURCE: Michigan, Department of State – Division of Vital Records; Certificate and Record of Death: Susan Leach, Document # 87, December 6, 1901.
SOURCE: Michigan, Tuscola County, 1870 U.S. Census, population schedule, digital image HeritageQuest Online, http://persi.heritagequestonline.com, Accessed 01/27/2008
SOURCE: Index: Marriages, Tuscola County Michigan, Date: December 21, 1856.
SOURCE: History of the Leach Family as Known in 1936. Document privately held by Dale Leach.
SOURCE: Autobiography of Martha A. Shafer (note: granddaughter of Susan Higley). Document privately held by Dale Leach.
This old tintype was in an envelope titled “Mother at age 12″ in the handwriting
of her daughter, Susan Leach Sherman
Photograph: Privately held by Susan J. Edminster, Granite Falls, Washington
Susan Higley died November 6, 1901 in Arbela, Tuscola County Michigan where she and Solomon Leach had lived and raised their family. We’re fortunate to have Susan’s funeral card and a picture of her grave marker as part of our collection…
Text on the funeral card reads:
In Loving Remembrance of Susan Leach, died Nov, 13, 1901, Age 77 years.
‘Tis hard to break the tender cord
When love has bound the heart,
‘Tis hard, so hard, to speak the words,
“We must forever part.”
Dearest loved on we must lay thee
In the peaceful grave’s embrace,
But thy memory will be cherished
‘Til we see thy heavenly face.
Note: Date of death differs from Susan’s death certificate information.
SOURCE: Funeral card, private collection: Susan J. Edminster, Granite Falls, Washington
Pine Grove Cemetery, Arbela Michigan
Grave Marker – Susan Higley Leach
SOURCE: Photographs, private collection: Susan J. Edminster, Granite Falls, Washington
Susan Higley’s brother Milton had one child: Seth Henry Higley… here’s his picture and that of his wife Josephine.
Seth Henry Higley, son of Milton Higley
Josie Higley, wife of Seth Henry Higley
SOURCE: Two photographs, Private collection of Ken Lane. Posted with permission.
Milton Higley was born in Tolland, Massachusetts* on January 14, 1834, the sixth child of Seth Higley, Jr. and Lura Goderd. The Higley family moved from Massachusetts to Ohio sometime in the year after Milton’s birth and before the birth of his younger brother Henry, in 1835.
Milton eventually migrated to Michigan and on July 4, 1855 he married Cornelia** Beebe, daughter of Henry Beebe and Caroline Warner. Milton and Cornelia were parents to one son, Seth Henry Higley who was born April 2, 1856 in Birch Run, Saginaw County, Michigan. Milton’s profession was as a Shingle Maker.
On August 9, 1862, Milton enlisted in Company B, 23rd Regiment, Michigan Infantry, for a period of three years. He is described as being 5 ft. 6 inches tall, having a dark complexion, dark eyes and dark hair. Like many other soldiers in the War of the Rebellion Milton eventually became ill with chronic diarrhea, and he was discharged on June 18, 1864, totally disabled with a pension of “eight dollars per month.” He died less than a year later on May 8, 1865.
A sad footnote to this story: In 1869 Cornelia married Hezikiah Nelson, not knowing that he was already married, and his wife Arabella was still living in Canada. When the facts came out, Hezikiah stole a horse and buggy from Cornelia and fled to Canada where he was apprehended. He committed suicide in his cell. Cornelia then had to apply for a reinstatement of her widow’s pension in order to support herself and children Seth Higley and Harriet (Nelson) Higley (Harriet was born August 25, 1870 and was known as Harriet Higley)
* Note: The 1860 census shows a birthplace of New York.
* Note: In some records the name is “Cordelia.”
SOURCE: Civil War Pension Index: General Index to Pension Files, 1861-1934. Database and Images, Ancestry.com. http://www.ancestry.com, accessed 04/18/2002
SOURCE: Army of the United States Certificate of Disability for Discharge: Milton Higley, copy of document provided by Kenneth Lane.
SOURCE: State of Michigan, Circuit Court of the County of Saginaw: Annulment of Marriage of Cornelia Higley and Hezekiah Nelson. Copy provided by Kenneth Lane.
SOURCE: Michigan, Tuscola County. 1860 U.S. Census, population schedule. Digital image, HeritageQuest Online, http://persi.heritagequestonline.com, Page 673. Accessed 10/20/2005
Photograph: Privately held by Susan J. Edminster, Granite Falls, Washington
Reuben Walter Edminster was born December 11, 1880 to Herbert Loyal Edminster and Frances Adelia Brown. He was seven generations removed from the first Edminster ancestor to arrive in America, John Edminsteire:
Parents: Herbert Loyal Edminster and Frances Adelia Brown
Grandparents: Reuben S. Edminster and Adele M. McCullough
1st Great Grandparents: Henry William Edminster, Jr. and Mary Barnes
2nd Great Grandparents: Henry William Edminster and Roba Howland
3rd Great Grandparents: William Edminster and Mary Paul
4th Great Grandparents: James D. Edminster and Ann Makepeace
5th Great Gandparents: John Edminsteire and Hannah (unknown)
The Edminster family, starting in Freetown Massachusetts in 1662 or earlier, migrated over several generations to Kansas where Reuben was born in 1880. Reuben’s father, Herbert Loyal Edminster, was listed as a taxpayer in Glenwood Kansas 1900-1901, in Basehor 1907-1908, and in Fairmount 1911-1914 so it appears the family may have moved more than once although these communities seem to be quite near one another. Glenwood , Leavenworth County was home to a Post Office from 1869-1870, and again from 1884 to 1902 but since then it’s faded from existence.
A little about Reuben’s parents: Herbert married Frances Adelia Brown (date unknown) and Reuben may have been their first child ; His siblings were George Clarence (dob unknown) and Hattie Bell, born October 1, 1882. Herbert and Frances divorced about 1893-1894 and He married Laura Stone who according to the family had been their houskeeper. When the 1900 US Census was taken Laura and Herbert reported they’d been married six years, Laura’s birthdate is listed as March, 1866.
Reuben married Anna Marie Neust* on August 6, 1901. She was born January 7, 1884 at Akron, Ohio; her parents were John Joseph Neust and Anna Katherine Rittenberger. Reuben and Anna’s children were Lillian Della Marie, born March 20, 1902; George Shelby born April 5, 1904; Mildred Hattie, born March 20, 1906; Florence Louretta, born February 1, 1909; Clyde Dale, born December 8, 1914, Esther Ellanor, born July 11, 1917 and Reuben Walter, Jr., born March 18, 1925. The couple also had two other children, both are living; Their information is not included in this document in consideration of their privacy.
Reuben and Anna eventually moved west to Montana and settled near Townsend, at the south end of Canyon Ferry Lake, and about 30 miles south east of the state capital in Helena. According to the family they lived out in the country at Ray Creek, which is north east of Townsend and the 1920 US Census for Broadwater County Montana shows the family enumerated in the Ray Creek School District. Now Reuben had at some point filed for a homestead and it was issued in 1907 for 160 acres in Lincoln County, the most northwest of Montana’s counties. But since the family didn’t leave Kansas until some time after Florence was born in 1909, and they were in Townsend in 1917 when Esther was born it doesn’t appear they ever took up the Lincoln County homestead.
Some memories the family had of their childhood years included Esther’s recollection that when she dropped some scissors on her foot and they went straight down into the flesh, Florence quickly went out to the barn to retrieve a clean cobweb to close the wound and stop the bleeding. Clyde remembered fishing in the creek with a safety pin for a hook, and also recalled using a horse cart for transportation to school. It was a two-wheeled cart with shafts for the horse and they drove four or five miles to the nearest school….a one room school at that. At one time there was a Ray Creek School and that may have been where they attended.
Dances were held at the school and all the desks were put to one side and the kids would sit on them and finally fall asleep while the adults would dance late into the night. Clyde remembered that their Mother (Anna) made a whole wash tub full of cream puffs to take to the dance.
Family remedies for a cough included two teaspoons of sugar with a few drops of kerosene sprinkled on it. Another cough syrup was made by sprinkling onions with sugar and leaving them to stand until the syrup formed. All agreed this syrup tasted good! Baths were taken in a washtub with water heated on the wood stove and clothes were handed down as long as they could be used. Anna made sure that shirts were ironed and everyone looked tidy.
When the family left Townsend, they moved to Helena where Florence attended school, and eventually on to St. Regis and finally to Washington State. Anna and the children travelled by train, the older kids taking care of the younger ones.
Once in Washington, Anna and Reuben settled in Graham, but later moved into Tacoma where they lived for 33 years until her death in 1958. They were married for 57 years and during that time lived in Ohio, Kansas, Montana and Washington State.
* Alternative spellings: Nust, Nuest
Edminster, Frank Custer, Jr., The Edminster Family in America, Arlington Virginia, 1965. Book appears to have been self-published.
Kansas, 1910 U.S. census, population schedule, Leavenworth County. Digital Images, Ancestry.com, http://www.ancestry.com. Date accessed: 5/9/2006.
Montana, 1920 U.S. census, population schedule, Broadwater County. Digital Images, Ancestry.com http://www.ancestry.com. Date accessed: 5/15/2006
Washington State, 1930 U.S. census, population schedule, Pierce County. Digital Images, Ancestry.com http:www.ancestry.com. Date accessed 5/15/2006.
Washington State, Certificate of Death # 1160, Pierce County department of vital records.
Tacoma News Tribune, Obituary, 7/10/1963
Note: Some of the information in the above biographical sketch comes from memories of the children of Reuben Walter Edminster, Sr.